Mental illnesses are disorders that affect a person’s mental health. They can be diagnosed when they affect the sufferer’s life, putting them in one of the situations of the 4 D’s of abnormality : distress, dysfunction, deviance, or danger.
They can be divided into the following categories, which is a non exhaustive list of the main mental illnesses:
- Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders
- Bipolar Disorder
- Schizoaffective Disorder
- Borderline Personality Disorder
- Anxiety Disorders, which include Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
- Eating Disorders, which include Anorexia and Bulimia
- Addictive Disorders
To recover, mental illness usually have to combine therapy and medication. Medication is delivered by psychiatrists and therapy is provided by therapists.
In addition, one of the most important things to find a path to recovery is having a good support system.Support from family and friends can make a huge difference in helping a mental illness sufferer reaching more mental stability.